The fitment of automatic emergency braking systems (AEB) to vehicles is advancing rapidly due to a combination of competitive marketing amongst automotive manufacturers (trying to appeal to safety-conscious buyers) and government regulations. Standards on inclusion of this feature and the advanced driver-assist systems which utilize its capabilities are being developed in all the major markets. The following is excerpted from a post on The Asahi Shimbun website on one of the latest iterations – AEB mitigating collisions with cyclists – of such regulations, this time in Japan.
OSAKA, Japan — Sensor-operated automatic braking systems designed to prevent vehicles from crashing into other motorists and pedestrians will be required to offer similar protections for bicycle riders.
The transport ministry amended safety standard provisions at the end of September to expand the scope of automatic braking systems starting in July 2024.
Automatic braking systems will become obligatory for passenger cars in increments from November this year.
The safety contraptions are mounted on an automobile and use an onboard camera, or a radar system installed on the front, to detect other vehicles and people. They sound an alarm and apply the brakes automatically when they perceive the danger of a collision.
Currently, such systems are only required to prevent collisions with other automobiles and with pedestrians crossing the road under prescribed conditions.
Specifically, automatic braking systems must be able to prevent a passenger car running at 40 kph from hitting a stationary automobile. They should also be able to stop a car running at 60 kph from rear-ending an automobile traveling at 20 kph.
The systems should also prevent a car running at 40 kph from hitting a pedestrian crossing the road at 5 kph.
Under the new provisions, automatic braking systems should be able to stop a car running at 38 kph from colliding with a bicycle that is crossing the road at 15 kph. They will also be required to sound an alarm before the brakes are applied.
To view the entire post, click HERE.